How to Calculate Taxable Income on Salary

How to Calculate Taxable Income on Salary

Every year people submit their Income Declarations form and submit the documents that are required. But, not so many know how income tax is calculated. A persons income that exceeds the maximum amount, is charged income tax at the rate set by the Income Tax department. It is also based on the residential status of the taxpayer.


The Income Tax Department brings in revenue to the Government. Indian income is always taxable in India. Foreign income is not taxable for a non-resident but is taxable for the resident.

Income tax is the tax you pay on your income. Income Tax is levied on a person who was in India for 182 days during the previous tax year or the person who was in India for at least 60 days during the previous tax year and for at least 365 days during the preceding 4 years will be taxed.

A persons total income is divided into 5 heads of income. They are:

  • Income from salaries
  • Income from house property
  • Profit and gains of business or profession
  • Capital gains
  • Income from other sources

Salary includes wages, pension, gratuity, fees, commission, perquisites, provident fund contribution, leave encashment, Central Governments contribution to pension and compensation received for a service.

What is Salary Income?

Salary is the remuneration paid by the employer to the employee for the services rendered for a certain period of time. It is paid in fixed intervals i.e. monthly one-twelfth of the annual salary. Salary includes:

  • Basic Salary or the fixed component of salary as per the terms of employment.
  • Fees, Commission and Bonus that the employee gets from the employer
  • Allowances that the employer pays the employee to meet his personal expenses. Allowances are taxed either fully, partially or are exempt.
    • Fully taxable allowances are:
      • Dearness allowance paid to the employees to meet expenses due to inflation.
      • City Compensatory allowance paid to those who move to big metros like Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, where the standard of living is higher.
      • Overtime allowance paid to the employee who works over the prescribed hours.
      • Deputation allowance and servant allowance.
      • Partly taxable allowances are:
        • House Rent Allowance: If the employee stays in his own house then the allowance is fully taxable. The allowance exemption is the least of
          • The actual house rent allowance
          • If he pays additional rent above 10% of his salary
          • If the rent is equal to 50% of his salary (metros) or 40% (other areas).
        • Entertainment allowance (except for Central and State Government employees).
        • Special allowances like uniform, travel, research allowance etc.
        • Special allowance to meet personal expenses like childrens education allowance, children hostel allowance etc.
      • Fully exempt allowances are:
        • Foreign allowance given to employees posted abroad.
        • Allowances of High Court and Supreme Court Judges.
        • United Nations Organisation employees allowances.
    • Perquisites are payments received by employees over their salaries. They are not reimbursement of expenses. Some perquisites are taxable for all employees, they are:
      • Rent free accommodation
      • Concession in accommodation rent
      • Interest free loans
      • Movable assets
      • Club fee payments
      • Educational expenses
      • Insurance premium paid on behalf of employees

Some are taxable only to specific employees like directors or those who have substantial interest in the organisation, they are taxed for:

      • Free gas, electricity etc. for domestic purpose
      • Concessional educational expenses
      • Concessional transport facility
      • Payment made to gardener, sweeper and attendant.

Some perquisites are exempt from tax. The fringe benefits that are exempt from tax are:

    • Medical benefits
    • Leave travel concession
    • Health Insurance Premium
    • Car, laptop etc. for personal use.
    • Staff Welfare Scheme
  • Retirement benefits are given to employees during their period of service or during retirement.
    • Pension is given either on a monthly basis or in a lump sum. The tax is treated depending on the category of the employee.
    • Gratuity is given as appreciation of past performance which is received at the time of retirement and is exempt to a certain limit.
    • Leave salaries tax depends on the category of the employee. The employee may make use of the leave or encash it.
    • Provident fund is contributed by both employee and employer on a monthly basis. At the retirement, employee gets the amount along with interest. Tax treatment is based on the type of provident fund maintained by the employer.

Taxes for salaried individuals

The Budget of 2018 has seen some much anticipated changes being ushered in by the Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley along with the Indian Government. Be that as it may, Arun Jaitley has not touched the existing Income slabs and rates nor has he affected Section 80C, with regard to raising the basic exemption limit for taxpayers. People falling into the salaried category might have been disappointed at the start but new advancements are sure to change the game for them.

With the proposal to re-establish the Rs.40,000 standard deduction, the Government has efficiently negated the transport allowance and medical expenses from the earlier tax rules. This deduction will henceforth act as an extra income exemption of the amount of Rs.5800…..Read More>>>>



Source:- bankbazaar


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